Brugen af e-damp

The Case in Favor of E-Cigarettes for Tobacco Harm Reduction
Joel L. Nitzkin
International Journal of Enviromental Research and Public Health: Videnskabelig artikel (2014)

”Tiden er inde til at tilføje harm reduction (skadesreduktion) elementet til tobakskontrol, med e-cigaretten som det primære element. Skadesreduktion er den eneste mulige politik, for at reducere tobaksrelateret sygdom og død i USA over de næste 20 år. Skadesreduktion, sammen med e-cigaretter, kan hjælpe med at stoppe teenageres begyndende nikotinbrug og hjælpe med at øge antallet af rygestopforsøg.  Skadesreduktion er specielt vigtigt for de rygere der ikke er i stand til at stoppe, eller som ikke ønsker at stoppe, på grund af de fordele de får fra ikke receptpligtig selvadministreret nikotin.”

Determinants and prevalence of e-cigarette use throughout the European Union: a secondary analysis of 26 566 youth and adults from 27 Countries
Constantine I. Vardavas, Filippos T. Filippidis og Israel T. Agaku
Tobacco Control: Videnskabelig artikel (2014)

“Ved at analysere en undersøgelse fra 2012, der involverede 26.500 forbrugere i 27 europæiske lande, så fandt Constantine Vardavas og hans kollegaer fra Harvard School of Public Health ud af, at den største koncentration af e-dampere (forbrugere af e-cigaretter) var yngre mennesker med et højt forbrug af cigaretter, men som ønskede at stoppe med at ryge. På trods af, at forbruget af e-cigaretter var højest i gruppen af 15-24 årige, så viser forskergruppens data, at e-cigaretter ikke frister ikke-rygere, unge som gamle. Ca. 20 % af nuværende rygere havde prøvet e-cigaretter mindst én gang, mens blot 4 % eks-rygere og 1,1 % ikke rygere havde prøvet en e-cigaret.”

Effect of Smoking Abstinence and Reduction in Asthmatic Smokers Switching to Electronic Cigarettes: Evidence for Harm Reversal
Riccardo Polosa, Jaymin Morjaria, Pasquale Caponnetto, Massimo Caruso, Simona Strano, Eliana Battaglia og Cristina Russo
International Journal of Inviromental Research and Public Health: Videnskabelig artikel (2014)

“E-cigaretten kan hjælpe rygere med astma med at reducere deres forbrug af cigaretter eller helt stoppe; og dermed reducere byrden af rygerelateret astma symptomer. De positive resultater med e-cigaretter, gør at e-cigaretter kan være et værdifuldt redskab mht. rygestop og til at reducere skadesvirkningerne bl.a. også for astma patienter der ryger.”

HOW SAFE IS AN E-CIGARETTE?
http://www.healthnz.co.nz/Portland2008ECIG.pdf

Long-term effects of inhaled nicotine.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8614291

Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review
http://taw.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/02/12/2042098614524430.abstract

Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23978909

Disse resultater viser pålidelig blod nikotin levering efter den akutte brug af dette mærke / model af e-cigaret i en prøve af regelmæssige brugere. Fremtidige undersøgelser kunne med fordel kvantificere nikotin levering i relation til inhalation teknik og forholdet til en vellykket rygestop / skadesreduktion.

Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on complete blood count.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22858449

Electronic cigarettes do not damage the heart (ECS 2012)
http://www.escardio.org/about/press/press-releases/esc12-munich/Pages/acute-effects-electronic-cigarettes-heart-damage.aspx

Research on safety of electronic cigarettes
http://ecigarettereviewed.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Research-on-Safety-of-Electronic-Cigarettes-Dr.-Konstantinos-Farsalinos-E-Cigarette-Summit.pdf

Effects of electronic cigarette use on the elastic properties of the ascending aorta in healthy subjects: comparison with the effects of tobacco cigarettes
http://www.ecigarette-research.com/EUROECHO2013-ecigs.pdf

Acute impact of active and passive electronic cigarette smoking on serum cotinine and lung function.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23363041

Electronic cigarettes: effective nicotine delivery after acute administration.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22311962

Evaluation of Electronic Cigarette Use (Vaping) Topography and Estimation of Liquid Consumption: Implications for Research Protocol Standards Definition and for Public Health Authorities’ Regulation
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/6/2500/pdf

Nicotine safety in the context of e-cigarette use and tobacco dependence
http://ecigarettereviewed.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Nicotine-safety-in-the-context-of-e-cigarette-use-and-tobacco-dependence-Jacques-Le-Houezec-E-Cigarette-Summit.pdf

Comparison of the Cytotoxic Potential of Cigarette Smoke and Electronic Cigarette Vapour Extract on Cultured Myocardial Cells
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/10/5146/pdf

Evaluating Nicotine Levels Selection and Patterns of Electronic Cigarette Use in a Group of “Vapers” Who Had Achieved Complete Substitution of Smoking
http://www.la-press.com/evaluating-nicotine-levels-selection-and-patterns-of-electronic-cigare-article-a3858-abstract

Evaluation of Electronic Cigarette Use (Vaping) Topography and Estimation of Liquid Consumption: Implications for Research Protocol Standards Definition and for Public Health Authorities’ Regulation
http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/10/6/2500

MHRA funded research on electronic cigarettes
http://www.mhra.gov.uk/home/groups/comms-ic/documents/websiteresources/con286844.pdf

Regulation: when less is more
http://ecigarettereviewed.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/Clive-Bates-Regulation-When-Less-is-More-E-Cigarette-Summit.pdf

‘Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/add.12150/abstract

Peering through the mist: What does the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tell us about health risks?
http://drexel.edu/~/media/Files/dornsife/ms08.ashx?la=en

Inhalation Toxicity Report for the Aerosol Generated by the Operation of Green Smoke Electronic Cigarettes
http://www.ma-cigarette.fr/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/inhalation-toxicity-report-091212-1537.pdf

Metal and Silicate Particles Including Nanoparticles Are Present in Electronic Cigarette Cartomizer Fluid and Aerosol
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0057987

Chronic Idiopathic eutrophilia in A moker, Relieved after moking essation with the Use of electronic cigarette: a case Report
http://www.la-press.com/redirect_file.php?fileId=4765&filename=3492-CCRep-Chronic-Idiopathic-Neutrophilia-in-A-Smoker,-Relieved-after-Smoking-C2.pdf&fileType=pdf

Saliva cotinine levels in users of electronic cigarettes
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24401004

A clinical laboratory model for evaluating the acute effects of electronic “cigarettes”: nicotine delivery profile and cardiovascular and subjective effects
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2919621/

Clinical laboratory assessment of the abuse liability of an electronic cigarette.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22229871

Short-term pulmonary effects of using an electronic cigarette: impact on respiratory flow resistance, impedance, and exhaled nitric oxide.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22194587

Nicotine derived from the electronic cigarette improves time-based prospective memory in abstinent smokers.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23344557

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